Estas son las Excepciones a las Sanciones económicas aplicadas a Venezuela de acuerdo al Departamento del Tesoro

Excepciones a las sanciones económicas a Venezuela

En un comunicado dirigido al los venezolanos, el Departamento del Tesoro Norteamericano aclaró las actuales excepciones a las sanciones económicas recientemente impuestas al país, a continuación la traducción del mismo.

Washington—La Oficina de Control de Activos Extranjero (OFAC, por sus siglas en inglés) del Departamento del Tesoro de EE.UU. publicó hoy lineamientos que resaltan el compromiso de Estados Unidos con el flujo ininterrumpido de ayuda humanitaria al pueblo venezolano. La OFAC tiene varias autorizaciones que permiten transacciones relacionadas a la ayuda humanitaria con el fin de continuar apoyando al pueblo de Venezuela y asegurar que las actividades de ayuda humanitaria legitima no sea afectada por las sanciones de EE.UU.

“El Departamento del Tesoro tiene el compromiso de asegurar el flujo ininterrumpido de ayuda humanitaria al pueblo venezolano que continúa sufriendo como resultado de los malos manejos y la corrupción del exrégimen ilegítimo de Maduro. Es imperativo que la comunidad internacional continúe utilizando completamente todas las excepciones por razones humanitarias para garantizar que los alimentos y otros suministros lleguen a los venezolanos que sufren como consecuencia de la crisis económica fabricada por Maduro”, dijo Sigal Mandelker, subsecretaria de Terrorismo e Inteligencia Financiera. “Estados Unidos apoya al pueblo venezolano y al presidente interino Juan Guaidó en sus esfuerzos para garantizar que los alimentos, la ayuda y recursos internacionales lleguen a los venezolanos en condición de vulnerabilidad. Los reglamentos del Departamento del Tesoro permiten y continuarán permitiendo el apoyo humanitario ininterrumpido al pueblo venezolano y animamos a los estadounidenses a emplear estas autorizaciones para colaborar con las personas necesitadas”.

Las regulaciones de la OFAC y las licencias generales permiten que personas estadounidenses continúen proporcionando apoyo humanitario a los venezolanos, incluidas transacciones a través del sistema financiero de EE.UU. para ciertas actividades autorizadas relacionadas con alimentos, materias primas agrícolas, medicamentos y dispositivos médicos; remesas personales no comerciales; organizaciones internacionales; telecomunicaciones y correo; Internet; servicios médicos; y organizaciones no gubernamentales.

El apoyo humanitario generalmente está exceptuado de las sanciones, siempre que dicha actividad cumpla con los requisitos descritos en cada autorización. Las sanciones no prohíben que personas estadounidenses participen en transacciones con el país o el pueblo de Venezuela, siempre que no participen las personas que han sido bloqueadas ni que se realicen conductas proscritas.

En todos los programas de sanciones, mantenemos el compromiso de trabajar con el sector privado para aclarar las regulaciones de sanciones de EE.UU. y promover un método basado en el riesgo para hacer cumplir las sanciones, incluidos los casos de suministro de ayuda humanitaria. Para transacciones que de otra manera no son autorizadas por las licencias generales de la OFAC, esta oficina mantiene una política favorable de licencias específicas de larga data que apoya la provisión de ayuda humanitaria a través de la cual las personas estadounidenses pueden solicitar la aprobación de la OFAC para dichas transacciones. La OFAC considera las licencias específicas caso por caso y prioriza las solicitudes de licencias, las preguntas acerca del cumplimiento normativo y otras solicitudes relacionadas al apoyo humanitario para el pueblo venezolano.

NOTA DE PRENSA

El texto completo del documento que refiere los casos excepcionales es el siguiente:

 

OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL

 

Guidance Related to the Provision of Humanitarian Assistance and Support to the

Venezuelan People

 

Date: August 6, 2019

 

As the illegitimate former Maduro regime continues to usurp power and plunder assets that rightfully belong to the Venezuelan people, the United States has implemented Venezuela- related sanctions to preserve such assets for the Venezuelan people.  These sanctions are designed to limit the Maduro regime’s sources of revenue and hold accountable those who stand in the way of restoring democracy in Venezuela, while also ensuring that the flow of humanitarian goods and services to the Venezuelan people is not prohibited by U.S. sanctions. The United States stands with the Venezuelan people and interim President Juan Guaidó in opposition to the Maduro regime.

 

In its administration of economic sanctions related to Venezuela, the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) is committed to ensuring that humanitarian support can flow to the people of Venezuela and that access to communications services critical to democracy is unfettered.  To that end, OFAC maintains several authorizations to ensure that U.S. persons1 may continue to support the people of Venezuela.  OFAC encourages U.S. persons to avail themselves of these authorizations.  This guidance underscores that humanitarian assistance and activities to promote democracy are not the target of U.S. sanctions and are generally excepted from sanctions, so long as such activity meets the requirements outlined in each authorization.  Likewise, sanctions do not prohibit U.S. persons from engaging in transactions involving the country or people of Venezuela, provided blocked persons or proscribed conduct are not involved.2

 

 

 

Overview of Authorizations

 

U.S. persons are subject to a number of prohibitions regarding dealings with certain Venezuelan individuals and entities. OFAC’s regulations allow U.S. persons to continue to provide unimpeded humanitarian support to the Venezuelan people. This includes transactions through the U.S. financial system for authorized activity described below.3   For additional information, we encourage you to review OFAC Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) 519 and 665.

 

1 For purposes of the Venezuela Sanctions Regulations, 31 C.F.R. part 591, and any additional Executive orders issued to address the national emergency with respect to Venezuela, a United States person means any United States citizen, permanent resident alien, entity organized under the laws of the United States or any jurisdiction within the United States (including foreign branches), or any person in the United States.

2 Such proscribed conduct includes, for example, engaging in transactions or activities that are prohibited by

Venezuela-related Executive orders (E.O.), such as E.O. of August 5, 2019, or E.O. 13692, E.O. 13808, E.O. 13827, E.O. 13835, E.O. 13850, each as amended by E.O. 13857, which is not otherwise exempt or authorized by OFAC.

3 For each of the general licenses described below, please refer to the header of each general license, as well as the text of the general license and any relevant notes thereto, to identify the relevant E.O.s or prohibitions pursuant to

which the general license has been issued.

 

 

  • Food, agricultural commodities, medicine, medical devices, and humanitarian items: General License 4C authorizes certain transactions ordinarily incident and necessary to

the exportation or reexportation of agricultural commodities, medicine, medical devices, replacement parts and components for medical devices, or software updates for medical devices to Venezuela, or to persons in third countries purchasing specifically for resale to Venezuela. Likewise, Executive Order of August 5, 2019, which blocks the property and interests in property of the Government of Venezuela, does not prohibit transactions involving the Government of Venezuela that relate to the provision of articles such as food, clothing, and medicine intended to be used to relieve human suffering.  Those involved in exports or reexports related to these authorizations should also consult the Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Industry and Security to ensure eligibility of exportation or reexportation under its authorities.

 

  • Remittances: General License 16B authorizes all transactions and activities ordinarily incident and necessary to processing noncommercial, personal remittances involving certain financial institutions.  As of August 5, 2019, these financial institutions include Banco de Venezuela, S.A. Banco Universal (Banco de Venezuela), Banco Bicentenario del Pueblo, de la Clase Obrera, Mujer y Comunas, Banco Universal C.A. (Banco Bicentario del Pueblo), Banco del Tesoro, C.A. Banco Universal (Banco del Tesoro), and Banco Central de Venezuela (BCV).  In addition, remittances with non-blocked Venezuelan financial institutions are not prohibited.

 

  • International organizations: General License 20A authorizes official activities of certain international organizations such as the United Nations, including its Programmes and Funds, and its Specialized Agencies and Related Organizations, as well as the International Committee of the Red Cross, among others, to engage in transactions involving BCV, or involving other Government of Venezuela persons to the extent the transactions are subject to U.S. jurisdiction.

 

  • Telecommunications and mail: General License 24 authorizes transactions involving the Government of Venezuela incident to the receipt and transmission of telecommunications, as well as transactions of common carriers involving the Government of Venezuela incident to the receipt or transmission of mail and packages between the United States and Venezuela.  Those involved in exports or reexports related to this authorization should consult the Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Industry and Security to ensure eligibility of exportation or reexportation under its authorities.

 

  • Internet: General License 25 authorizes the exportation or reexportation, directly or indirectly, from the United States or by U.S. persons, wherever located, to or involving

the Government of Venezuela of services, software, hardware, and technology incident to the exchange of communications over the Internet, such as instant messaging, chat and email, social networking, sharing of photos and movies, web browsing, blogging, web hosting, and domain name registration services. Those involved in exports or reexports related to this authorization should consult the Department of Commerce’s Bureau of

 

Industry and Security to ensure eligibility of exportation or reexportation under its authorities.

 

  • Medical services: General License 26 authorizes the provision and receipt of nonscheduled emergency medical services and the provision of other medical services involving the Government of Venezuela.

 

  • Nongovernmental organizations: General License 29 authorizes nongovernmental organizations to engage in transactions involving the Government of Venezuela in support of humanitarian projects, democracy building, education, non-commercial development projects directly benefiting the Venezuelan people, and environmental protection in Venezuela.

 

 

 

Statement of Licensing Policy

 

For transactions not otherwise authorized by OFAC general licenses, OFAC maintains a long- standing, favorable specific licensing policy supporting the provision of humanitarian assistance through which U.S. persons can request OFAC approval for such transactions.  OFAC considers specific licenses on a case-by-case basis and prioritizes license applications, compliance questions, and other requests related to humanitarian support for the Venezuelan people.

If you have any questions regarding the scope of any Venezuela-related sanctions requirements, or the applicability or scope of any humanitarian-related general license, please contact OFAC’s Sanctions Compliance and Evaluation Division at (800) 540-6322 or (202) 622-2490.

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